Bogor, Indonesia

Bringing the circular economy to Bogor's Food System

About Bogor, Indonesia

Bogor City is located in the southern Jakarta Metropolitan Area, West Java Province, Indonesia. Green sceneries abound in the area owing to a botanical garden located in the middle of the city. Consisting of 6 sub-districts and 68 sub-districts, Bogor is considered as a trade and tourist destination. Bogor is also a pioneer among secondary cities in Indonesia in terms of pursuing sustainable development initiatives. The population of Bogor Municipality as a result of the 2020 September Population Census has 1,043,070 inhabitants with a population composition of 529,236 male and 513,834 female. The area is mainly residential, home to thousands of commuters who travel back and forth every day to make a living in the capital city. However, during the weekend, it is the Jakarta residents who flock to Bogor.

Bogor's sustainability challenges

  • GHG emissions

    As a rapidly urbanizing city, Bogor experiences several sustainability challenges including the increasing GHG emissions, waste management, water pollution, and climate-related issues. In 2018, GHG emissions in Bogor City were generated mostly from transportation (51,6%) and stationary energy (40%), while waste and AFOLU accounted for 8,1% and 0.2% respectively.

  • Waste management

    Waste management is one of the priority issues in Bogor City due to the increasing amount of waste generation transported to the Galuga Landfill, located outside Bogor city.

  • Water quality

    Water quality also became one of the environmental issues in Bogor City. In 2020, Bogor City’s Water Quality Index was assessed to be 34.7, which is a below-average score. Various activities including domestic wastewater discharge, livestock, agriculture, and tourism are contributing to the increase of pollutants in surface water.

  • Other climate-related issues

    The city also experiences climate-related issues which include (1) limited raw water, (2) disturbance to urban ecosystems, (3) extreme weather, (4) prevalence of climate-related diseases, (5) disruption to food security, and (6) climate-related disasters.

Bogor's existing sustainability commitments and targets

Bogor City has the vision to design a family-friendly city by creating a healthy, smart, and prosperous community by 2024. One of its goals is to realize a healthy community with a good quality environment. In 2024, Bogor City aims to reduce its emission by 7.98%, improve its air quality index by 86.3 points and water quality index by 50 points, and reduce waste by 7.2%, as a part of achieving zero carbon by 2050. The city also would like to develop a circular economy concept through collaboration with the community, business actors, and academics.

Bogor´s existing circular practices

Community-Scale Solid Waste Management using Hydro-pyrolysis Technology

This project aims to apply hydro-pyrolysis technology to improve solid waste management in community level and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the waste sector. The technology can quickly processes household waste into marketable goods, and reduces both the amount of waste transported to landfill and accumulated waste in landfill. Indeed, the project will reduce CO2 from fuel combustion and methane from decaying waste. The technology could reduce organic waste up to 9.6 ton (5.83%) per year and GHG emissions up to 1.99 tCO2e (20.28%) in 2030.
The proposed project also promotes circular economy through the production of valuable products from the waste i.e. solid and liquid fertilizers, with potential profit for community is up to USD 1,631 per year. The business community will provide job opportunities for the community and source of livelihood from the production and selling of marketable products from the community’s wastes.

Utilization of Methane Gas From the Decomposition of Domestic Waste Water in the Communal Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP)

The objective of this proposed activity is to utilize the methane gas from the decomposition process of domestic wastewater in the communal wastewater treatment plant at Sindang Sari Village. The projected qualitative impact is to support Bogor greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction target (which is being compiled) by utilization of methane gas production for cooking purposes. While for quantitative impact is to reduce the GHG emissions from LPG consumption of approximately 10 kg/month at 5 households or equivalent to 50 kg/month by replacing it with the methane gas production from the communal wastewater treatment plant.